GMA Network (company)
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Plantilla:Use mdy dates Plantilla:Infobox company GMA Network, Inc., commonly known as GMA, is a Filipino media company based in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. It is primarily involved in radio and television broadcasting, with subsidiaries dealing in various media related businesses. The majority of its profits are derived from publicity and marketing incomes associated to television distribution. GMA is the Philippines largest network in terms of market capitalization, network coverage, audience share and number of employees.
Founded on June 14, 1950, it currently owns and operates two national television networks (GMA Network and GMA News TV), two national radio stations (Super Radyo DZBB 594 kHz and Barangay LS 97.1), two regional radio networks (Super Radyo and Barangay FM), It also operates three international channels (GMA Pinoy TV, GMA Life TV and GMA News TV International), along with subsidiaries dealing in film production and distribution (GMA Pictures), music production and publishing (GMA Music), talent development and management (GMA Artist Center) and a number of internet and digital converging technology (GMA New Media) in the Philippines. The company is a publicly traded company on the Philippine Stock Exchange.
History[revisa | revisa codigo]
The company's roots can be traced back to then Loreto F. de Hemedes, Inc., owned by Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart, an American war correspondent. The company started with the launching of its first AM radio station in Manila through Radio Broadcasting Station, DZBB. It went on air on March 1, 1950 using the frequency of 580 kHz of the AM band, broadcasting from the Calvo Building in Escolta, Manila. Its early radio coverage highlights were the crash of President Ramon Magsaysay's plane in Mount Manunggal; the eruption of Mount Hibok-Hibok and various local elections in the Philippines. DZBB became the first radio station in the Philippines to use telephones for live interviews.
Within years since its first broadcasts, the huge triumph of the station and its growing number of listeners made clear the move to modern facilities in EDSA, Quezon City, with the work done in 1959.
On October 29, 1961, the company launched its first television station, RBS TV Channel 7 using local VHF channel 7. In 1963, DYSS Television was launched in Cebu. From Loreto F. de Hemedes, Inc., the firm was formally renamed to Republic Broadcasting System, Inc. in 1974, when a triumvirate composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr., Menardo Jimenez and Felipe Gozon took over the management. In 1987, GMA became the first Philippine network to broadcast in StereoVision while opening their high-end live studio at Broadway Centrum. In 1988, the network greatly improved its signal by switching to its 777-ft transmitter known as the Tower of Power. In 1992, the network launched the Rainbow Satellite, making their programs available nationwide and across Southeast Asia. In 1996, the company changed its corporate identity to GMA Network Inc.
Television[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA Network[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA Network, commonly known as GMA, is a major Philippine commercial television network. Launched on October 29, 1961, GMA Network is also referred to as the “Kapuso Network” in reference to the company’s logo. Its headquarters can be found at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City.
GMA News TV[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA News TV is a Philippine news and lifestyle-oriented channel on local UHF channel 27. GMA News TV is generally watched as a free-to-air news and lifestyle-oriented channel in the Philippines. The channel is available in most satellite and cable TV systems.
Heart of Asia[revisa | revisa codigo]
Heart of Asia is an Filipino digital television channel owned by GMA Network. The channel was initially launched on June 12, 2020, and officially launched on June 29, 2020.
Hallypop[revisa | revisa codigo]
Hallypop is an Asian pop culture digital channel and the Philippine version of its U.S.-based counterpart with branding under licensed from Jungo TV, after both parties signed a joint venture in 2019. The channel was initially launched on September 6, 2020, and was officially launched on September 20, 2020.
International broadcasts[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA Pinoy TV[revisa | revisa codigo]
In March 2005, GMA Network launched its first international channel, GMA Pinoy TV. The channel is targeted toward Filipino communities worldwide. Flagship programs from GMA Network are shown aside from in-house programming. It also syndicates shows. GMA Pinoy TV is available in key cities in the United States, Canada, Middle East, Australia, New Zealand and some parts of Asia and Europe.
GMA Life TV[revisa | revisa codigo]
In February 2008, GMA International launched its second international channel via GMA Life TV. It carries programming from GMA Network and from its former lifestyle channel in the Philippines, Q. It also carries new programs broadcast by the news channel, GMA News TV. GMA Life TV is available through satellite and cable TV system worldwide.
GMA News TV International[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA International announced the launch of GMA News TV International in July 2011. It will be available through satellite and cable TV systems worldwide. It will be the third international channel of GMA Network Inc., together with GMA Pinoy TV and GMA Life TV. GMA News TV International is current available on a preview channel basis in Australia via UBI World TV and FetchTV, IPS/AccessTV in Japan and GUdTV in Guam.
Radio[revisa | revisa codigo]
DZBB[revisa | revisa codigo]
DZBB, also known as Super Radyo DZBB 594 is the AM radio station of RGMA in Metropolitan Manila, one of GMA Network's subsidiaries. Radio studios are located at GMA Network Center in Quezon City while its radio transmitter is at Obando, Bulacan. The station operates 24 hours a day except every Monday midnight. Some of the programs of GMA and GMA News TV are simultaneously simulcast on the station.
DWLS[revisa | revisa codigo]
DWLS-FM, also known as Barangay LS 97.1, is the FM radio station of RGMA in Metropolitan Manila, a subsidiary of GMA Network. Its main radio studios are located at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City and its transmitter is at Tandang Sora Avenue, Quezon City. DWLS is the assigned call letters for the radio station and it was derived from the name of Loreto Stewart, the wife of its founder, Robert La Rue "Uncle Bob" Stewart.
Broadcast facilities[revisa | revisa codigo]
Tower of Power[revisa | revisa codigo]
In order to strengthen its broadcast signal in Metropolitan Manila and its suburbs, GMA Network Inc. constructed the Tower of Power in the third quarter of 1987.
GMA Network, Inc. spent more than PhP168 million to the upgrade its broadcast transmitters and facilities in various key cities in the Philippines. It plans to augment its existing studio facilities in Cebu, Iloilo and Davao. It also plans to upgrade construction of its existing broadcast facilities in Dagupan City to further improve its coverage in the northern part of the Philippines. These upgrades include new transmitting equipment, from transmitters to antenna systems and buildings/tower rehabilitation/construction. GMA Network Inc. expects completion of these projects by end 2009.
Presented to the Philippine Stock Exchange on January 15, 2009, GMA Network, Inc. discloses that it already disbursed almost PhP1.3 billion from the proceeds of its initial public offering to support various expansion programs in key cities in the Philippines. Expansion includes construction of broadcast facility, tower and transmitter upgrade for its Naga station; broadcast facility and transmitter tower for its Legazpi station; construction of transmitter tower and upgrading its General Santos station; and upgrading broadcast facilities, equipment and transmitter tower in Davao, Cebu, Guimaras, Bacolod, Iloilo, Batangas, Dagupan, Cagayan de Oro and Benguet.
GMA Network Center[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA Network, Inc. inaugurated its state-of-the-art GMA Network Center on June 14, 2000 as part of the year-round celebration to commemorate its 50th anniversary. GMA Network Center supports GMA Network, Inc.'s thrusts towards digitization and media convergence. While the first phase of the project has already been completed with the construction of the 17-storey corporate complex, the center has an option to upgrade the older, existing facilities in the GMA compound, as originally planned. The network center is equipped with MARC (Multiple Automated Recorder Cassette) and a Broadcast Automation System that allows the network to manage live and international feeds that will be carried out to GMA Pinoy TV subscribers around the world.
GMA Network Studios[revisa | revisa codigo]
The GMA Network Studios consist of seven studios. Studio 1 and Studio 2 houses the programs of GMA News TV such as the cooking show Idol sa Kusina and the primetime talk show Tonight with Arnold Clavio. Studio 1 and Studio 2 (formerly known as Studio A and Studio B, respectively) was the first two old studios of GMA Network which is located in the old compound (formerly known as the RBS compound). Studio 3, 4, and 5 are located in GMA Network Center building. Studio 3 houses the GMA News TV newscasts such as Balitanghali, Good News Kasama si Vicky Morales, and News TV Live. Studio 4 houses the morning news and talk show Unang Hirit, while GMA Network flagship news programs 24 Oras, Saksi, GMA News Update, the investigative docudrama show Imbestigador and the GMA News TV flagship news program State of the Nation with Jessica Soho airs live from Studio 5. The German Moreno Studio (formerly Studio 6) and Studio 7, the largest studios of GMA Network, are located in the GMA Network Studio Annex. The German Moreno Studio has an area of 640 square meters and can accommodate 300 to 400 audiences. It houses the comedy sketch gag show Bubble Gang, the afternoon game-variety show Wowowin, the cooking and talk show Sarap, 'Di Ba? and the infotainment show IBilib. Studio 7 has an area of 1,020 square meters and can accommodate 600 to 800 audiences. Studio 7 houses the noontime variety show All-Out Sundays, the comedy anthology Dear Uge and with several shows aired by the network.
GMA Network, Inc. takes a significant step in the continuous strengthening and improvement of the Network’s News Department with a P154 million (2.9m USD) investment on a Newsroom Automation System (NAS). A signing of agreement between GMA Network and Vizrt was held on March 14, 2018 at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City.
Digital television[revisa | revisa codigo]
The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) ordered all broadcasting companies in the Philippines to shut off their analog signal by 11:59 p.m. on December 31, 2015 and switch to digital broadcast. The Philippines will be using the Japanese ISDB-T to facilitate the country’s transition to digital television, rather than the ATSC system implemented by North American broadcasters devised as a replacement for the NTSC system utilized by North America and the Philippines.
GMA Network is presentlyPlantilla:When applying for a digital television license from the NTC to install and maintain transmitting stations that will be attuned with and utilize to offer digital terrestrial television and digital mobile TV broadcast services, using channel 27 (551.143 MHz) frequency. Areas planned for a temporary digital broadcast will cover the cities of Quezon City, Makati, Pasig, Tagaytay, and Angeles in Pampanga; and areas like Ortigas, Cavite, and Calumpit in Bulacan.
GMA Network, Inc. asked the NTC to reconsider its decision to use the Japanese standard and examine the European digital broadcast system instead. In earlier decisions, the National Telecommunications Commission reaffirmed its resolutions to use ISDB-T and conduct public consultations for its implementing rules and regulations which will be ready by April 2011. On March 27, 2011, the local regulator ordered an evaluation of the standard to be used by the Philippines for digital television and reconsidering the second-generation Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB2) from Europe and replacing the Japanese Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) standard.
On February 2013, GMA Network, Inc. was able to conduct digital test broadcast with the ISDB-T standard via its UHF channel 27's frequency. GMA Network was the first television network in the Philippines to broadcast GMA 7 and GMA News TV 11 in standard definition (SD) format with a 4:3 aspect ratio, similar to TV channels in European countries, although the content had been stretched horizontally from its original 4:3 ratio. GMA 7 was also transmitting 1seg on mobile and had no errors. However, in a statement, the network has not conceded its stand to prefer the European DVB-T2 over the Japanese ISDB-T.
Online[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA News Online[revisa | revisa codigo]
Established in January 2007, GMA News Online (formerly GMANews.TV) is the official site of GMA News. It features the latest news coverage, including video reports, as well as business, sports, technology, entertainment and special reports, mobile alerts, newsletters, RSS feeds and real time search. A diverse number of presenters and correspondents maintain blogs on its site and has an archiving database for its news content. A live stream of DZBB, an AM radio station of GMA Network is also available on its website. It also features YouScoop, an interactive section, wherein viewers can upload first-hand footage of news events happening in their area and visitors can also view such footage. Aside from GMA News and Public Affairs content and materials produced, GMA News Online publishes articles and features from several news organizations, including The Associated Press and Reuters wire service. In December 2010, GMANews.TV received one million page views per day.
On February 7, 2011, GMANews.TV was renamed to GMA News Online and launched a new logo and slogan, “The Go-to Site For Filipinos Everywhere”; and retain its uniform resource locator, www.gmanews.tv to correspond with the launching of its all-news channel, GMA News TV.
myGMA Internet TV[revisa | revisa codigo]
On September 12, 2008, GMA Network, Inc. launched its first video-on-demand service through myGMA Internet TV. Focusing on Filipino communities, it offers high-quality programs from GMA Network. It is an alternative to Filipino communities who does not have the access of cable TV and direct-to-home subscriptions. myGMA Internet TV competed with ABS-CBN’s TFC.tv. Currently, myGMA Internet TV is inactive.
Joint ventures[revisa | revisa codigo]
INQ7.net[revisa | revisa codigo]
GMA Network Inc. partnered with the Philippine Daily Inquirer, one of Philippines' daily broadsheets to venture in an online multimedia news and information delivery company, INQ7 Interactive Inc. Its main business offers text, images, audio, video and online interactive information tools such as discussion boards, polls and searchable news archives. The partnership also paved the way the creation of a joint web site, the www.inq7.net and in recent reports, its ranks no. 11 in the most read online newspaper worldwide. In January 2007, GMA Network, Inc. and Philippine Daily Inquirer ended their partnership and GMA Network Inc. focused on to its owned consent site, the GMA News Online (formerly known as GMANews.TV).
Philippine Entertainment Portal (PEP)[revisa | revisa codigo]
Kapuso JobMarket[revisa | revisa codigo]
Partnerships of GMA Network Inc., the Philippine Daily Inquirer, INQ7 Interactive Inc. and New Media Inc. The Kapuso JobMarket aims to provide convenience for job seekers by creating another online service that will help them search for employment opportunities using their mobile phones.
Q[revisa | revisa codigo]
Q was a partnership between GMA Network, Inc. and Zoe Broadcasting Network Inc. The television channel previously aired foreign dramas, lifestyle shows and public affairs programming. The channel ceased commercial operation on February 20, 2011 to give way to its sister channel, GMA News TV.
Defunct channels[revisa | revisa codigo]
Q (Quality Television)[revisa | revisa codigo]
In November 2005, GMA Network, Inc. entered an airtime agreement with ZOE Broadcasting Network to use DZOE-TV channel 11 for its local lifestyle channel Q (formerly QTV, Quality Television). Most of Q’s programming consists of foreign dramas, reality and lifestyle shows. On February 20, 2011, Q ceased commercial operation to give way to its sister channel, GMA News TV.
Channel V Philippines[revisa | revisa codigo]
On December 15, 1999, STAR TV Network leased the airtime of Citynet Television to launch Channel V Philippines through EMC (Entertainment Music Channel). Part of the strategy is to localize Channel V with programs produced locally by STAR TV Network and GMA Network Inc.
EMC (Entertainment Music Channel)[revisa | revisa codigo]
In 1999, Entertainment Music Channel or EMC is the first music channel of GMA Network Inc. after its UHF station, Citynet Television was rebranded due to high programming cost. The music channel only lasted months after GMA Network Inc. signed a leased broadcast agreement with STAR TV Network to transmit a localize music television station, Channel [V] Philippines.
Citynet Television[revisa | revisa codigo]
On August 27, 1995, GMA Network, Inc. inaugurate its first ultra-high-frequency channel through DWDB-TV channel 27 in Metropolitan Manila. It was the first UHF television channel operated by a major broadcast network in the Philippines. GMA Network Inc. launches its new channel under the Citynet Television brand and decided to expand its local programming business. Studios are located at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City. In April 1999, Citynet Television ceased its commercial operation and later on reformatted into a local music channel.
CGMA[revisa | revisa codigo]
In the 1990s, GMA Network, Inc. ventures into cable television via CGMA, a cable channel available on Home Cable. It broadcast defunct and previously aired shows on GMA Network. Eventually, CGMA ceased its commercial operation when Home Cable entered into a memorandum of agreement to consolidate the operation of its company with Lopez-owned Sky Cable, an ABS-CBN Corporation subsidiary, GMA Network Inc.'s main competitor.Plantilla:Citation needed
Fox Filipino[revisa | revisa codigo]
Fox Filipino was an archive entertainment cable television channel launched in March 1, 2012. It featured Filipino-produced programming from GMA Network and Filipino movies from GMA Pictures, entries from the Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival, selected Asian and Hollywood movies, and selected foreign programming dubbed in Filipino language. After 8 years of broadcasting, Fox Networks Group announced that Fox Filipino would cease broadcast on July 7, 2020 as GMA and TV5 archived content were moved to GMA's digital television channel, Heart of Asia and Cignal-run satellite channel, One Screen, respectively.
Executive management[revisa | revisa codigo]
- Atty. Felipe L. Gozon (chairman of the board, chief executive officer)
- Gilberto Duavit Jr. (president, chief operating officer, director)
- Felipe S. Yalong (chief financial officer, SVP for Corporate Services Group, corporate treasurer, director)
- Lilybeth G. Rasonable (senior vice president for Entertainment TV Group)
- Marissa L. Flores (senior vice president for News and Public Affairs Group)
- Miguel Castro Enriquez (senior vice president for Radio Operation Group)
- Ayahl Ari Augusto P. Chio (vice president for investor relations and compliance)
- Eduardo P. Santos (compliance officer)
- Roberto O. Parel (corporate secretary)
- Anna Teresa M. Gozon-Abrogar (assistant corporate secretary, director)
Subsidiaries[revisa | revisa codigo]
- Alta Productions Group, Inc.
- Citynet Network Marketing and Productions, Inc.
- Digify, Inc.
- GMA Marketing and Productions, Inc.
- GMA Network Films, Inc. (GMA Pictures)
- GMA New Media, Inc.
- GMA Worldwide (Philippines), Inc.
- Media Merge Corporation
- Ninja Graphics, Inc. (ceased commercial operations in 2004)
- RGMA Marketing and Productions, Inc. (GMA Music)
- Scenarios, Inc. (under liquidation)
- Script2010, Inc.
Affiliates[revisa | revisa codigo]
- Gamespan, Inc. (50%)
- INQ7 Interactive, Inc. (50%, liquidated)
- Philippine Entertainment Portal, Inc. (50%)
- Sports Interactive Network Philippines
- Mont-Aire Realty and Development Corporation (49%, liquidated)
- RGMA Network Inc. (49%)
- X-Play Online Games, Inc. (50%, liquidated)
[revisa | revisa codigo]
- GMA Kapuso Foundation
- Kapwa Ko Mahal Ko Foundation
References[revisa | revisa codigo]
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- GMA Network Corporate Information, GMANetwork.com
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- «Archived copy». Archivado desde el original, el August 16, 2008. Consultado el August 16, 2008. GMA Network Inc., About
- «Archived copy». Archivado desde el original, el July 11, 2011. Consultado el March 1, 2011. GMA Network Inc., Management
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- «GMA Network launches new digital channel 'Heart of Asia'». GMA Network, Inc.. Consultado el 18 July 2020.
- Olaguera, Chriselle. «GMA Network brings Hallypop to PH, to air Running Man, Music Bank, K-pop Star, JYP’s Party People, and more!», Annyeong Oppa, September 6, 2020. Consultado el September 6, 2020.
- «Archived copy». Archivado desde el original, el January 19, 2011. Consultado el March 1, 2011. Inquirer.Net, Business Stories
- «EARNINGS: GMA Network posts 18% growth in Q1 revenues». GMA News Online. Archivado desde el original, el August 22, 2011.
- http://www.gmapinoytv.com.ph/ver1/article.php?aid=328Plantilla:Dead link GMA Pinoy TV News
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- P168m for GMA-7’s transmission upgrade. Manila Standard Today, October 6, 2006.
- GMA Network H1 profit P934M, dips a bit on high operating, expansion costs. GMANews.tv, Accessed April 30, 2007.
- Reyes, Mary Ann. «NTC gives TV stations 9 years to convert to digital tech», ABS-CBNNews.com, November 11, 2006. Consultado el November 6, 2006.
- Lectura, Lenie. «Firms may test digital TV up to March—NTC», BusinessMirror, January 10, 2008. Consultado el January 10, 2008.
- Amojelar, Darwin. «Regulator orders shift to digital television by 2015», The Manila Times, November 6, 2006.
- Montecillo, Paolo. «NTC chooses Japan digital TV standard for RP», Philippine Daily Inquirer, June 11, 2010.
- Lorenzo, A.B.L.. «GMA Network to push through with digital TV», BusinessWorld Online, June 14, 2008. Consultado el June 14, 2008. Plantilla:Dead link
- Olchondra, Riza T.. «GMA Network says it's ready for mobile TV competition», Philippine Daily Inquirer, October 28, 2007. Consultado el October 28, 2007.
- Dagcutan, Aura Marie. «European standard better, says TV exec», BusinessWorld. Consultado el February 20, 2011.
- Montecillo, Paolo. «NTC chooses Japan digital TV standard for RP», Inquirer. Consultado el February 20, 2011.
- «Archived copy». Archivado desde el original, el April 15, 2011. Consultado el March 29, 2011.
- Montecillo, Paolo. «GMA Network continues to reject Japanese digital TV standard», February 22, 2013. Consultado el April 4, 2013.
- «Archived copy». Inquirer.Net Infotech News
- «GMA News website gets one million page views per day», GMA News Online, December 21, 2010. Consultado el September 24, 2020.
- «The time has come for GMA News Online», GMA News Online, February 7, 2011. Consultado el September 24, 2020.
- GMA-Network announced the newest service called MyGMA!, GMANews.tv, August 29, 2008
- «CBSi». FindArticles.com. Consultado el October 14, 2019.
- 24 Oras: Ilang Programa ng GMA Network, maipapalabas na sa Fox Filipino Channel retrieved via YouTube via gmanews user Feb 15, 2012
- GMA Signs Deal With Fox | Manila Bulletin Plantilla:Webarchive retrieved via mb.com.ph January 2, 2012
- GMA Worldwide signs 3-year output deal with FOX International Channels Plantilla:Webarchive retrieved via positivenewsmedia.com January 2, 2012
- «FOX FILIPINO CEASE BROADCAST» (June 8, 2020). Consultado el August 8, 2020. «FOX Filipino will cease broadcast effective July 7, 2020 as advised by the channel partner.».
- «GMA ventures into betting business», BusinessWorld Online, BusinessWorld, March 23, 2016. Consultado el April 20, 2016.
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